Организация праздников и отдыха ОДО «Юрлайн» » Welcome to Belarus!


 The Republic of Belarus as an independent sovereign state appeared on the geographical map not long ago – in 1991 and that is why for many people Belarus is still in some way “terra incognita”, though it is situated in the centre of the European continent. It is the land of blue lakes and green forests, meadows poured with sunlight and vast fields, the land where calm rivers flow.

 The population of Belarus is less than 10 million (near 9.85 million people) among which mainly are the Belarussians and also the Russians, the Polish, the Ukrainians, the Jews, representatives of other nationalities. Belarus occupies the territory of 207 600square kilometers and borders on Russia in the north and in the east, on Ukraine – in the south, on Poland – in the west, on Lithuania and Latvia – in the north-west. The size of the territory of the republic takes 13th place in Europe which is equal to the size of the territory of Great Britain, Romania. The territory of the republic is divided into six regions, each of them is also divided into areas, cities and other administrative and territorial units. Regional centers of the Republic of Belarus are the following cities: Minsk, Vitebsk, Gomel, Mogilev, Brest, Grodno. Already 8 cities have the population about 100 000 people. In Minsk – in the capital of the Republic of Belarus – lives approximately 1,7 mln people.

 Since a referendum in 1995, the country has had two official languages: Belarusian and Russian. The Constitution of Belarus does not declare an official religion, although the primary religion in the country is Russian Orthodox Christianity. The second most popular, Roman Catholicism,  has a much smaller following by comparison, but both Orthodox and Catholic Christmas and Easter are officially celebrated as national holidays.

 Many realias of belarussian culture have become the symbols of national originality. Slutsk belts, multicoloured “tile” and fretwork, the cross of Efrosinya Polotskaya, Mark Shagal’s painting and belarussian ballet are well-known masterpieces of belarussian culture which are known all over the world.

 Belarus is landlocked,  relatively flat, and contains large tracts of marshy land. According to a 2005 estimate by the United Nations, 40% of Belarus is covered by forests. Many streams and 11,000 lakes are found in Belarus. Three major rivers run through the country: the Neman, the Pripyat, and the Dnieper. The Neman flows westward towards the Baltic sea and the Pripyat flows eastward to the Dnieper; the Dnieper flows southward towards the Black Sea. Belarus's highest point is Dzyarzhynskaya Hara(Dzyarzhynsk Hill) at 345 metres (1,132 ft), and its lowest point is on the Neman River at 90 metres (295 ft). The average elevation of Belarus is 525 feet (160 m) above sea level.

 The climate of the republic is moderately continental, humid. The average temperature in January is 6 C and in July is +18 C. The annual rainfall in Belarus is 550-700 mm.

 Special attention is paid to the development of international tourist relations in Belarus. The country has the potential for the development. The republic has a wide network of modern roads. In its capital Minsk and in other big cities high standard hotels and restaurants are built. Numerous theatres, museums, sports buildings function nowadays. Belarussian citizens’ tourist tours abroad and reception of tourists in Belarus began in the end of 1950th. Since 1990 international tourism became one of the form of foreign economic activity. More than 350 tourist companies are involved in this sphere.

 Tourists who visited Belarus have unforgettable impressions about Lake Naroch and Byelovezhskaya Pushcha, beauty of Sophia Cathedral in Polotsk,  about medieval Mir castle and about many other monuments of history and culture.

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